Byzantine Music Activity in the Archdiocese of America
- Byzantine music is a living, dynamic liturgical art form in the Archdiocese of America, found universally in the liturgical services if the parishes.
- Most vespers, matins, weekday liturgies, Lenten services, Holy Week, paraklisis, baptisms, weddings, funerals are done in chant, with either a psalti or a choir of chanters.
- Most Sunday Divine Liturgies are sung by
mixed choirs, with choral music based on chant melodies, a tradition
that has evolved on the Archdiocese of America since the 1930's.
Mixed choirs also sing at Lenten and Holy Week services, and
at some sacraments.
- Eleven parishes in the Archdiocese have all their Sunday Divine Liturgies done in Byzantine chant: Saint Sophia Cathedral in Washington, DC; Sts. Raphael, Nicholas & Irene in Cumming, GA; Holy Trinity in Baton Rouge, LA; Sts. Constantine & Helen in Cambridge, MA; Sts. Peter and Paul in Frederick, MD; St. Katherine in Burlington, NC; St. Nektarios in Charlotte, NC; St. Andrew in Randolph, NJ; St. Barbara in Toms River, NJ; St. Demetrios in Jamaica, NY; St. George Cathedral in Philadelphia, PA; and St. George in Knoxville, TN.
- As our current chanters age, the role of chanter is being replenished by young Orthodox who have studied professionally in Greece and at the Patriarchate and/or who have been students of the Byzantine Chant program at Holy Cross School of Theology. Many of those who are joining the ranks of psalti are coming from the mixed choirs, who have become interested in learning to chant using mentors in their parishes, training programs of their metropolises, and/or by taking advantage of the chanter training programs offered by the National Forum of Greek Orthodox Church Musicians and its Church Music Federation affiliates.
- Traditional Byzantine melodies are also being taught to the children in Sunday School Hymnology programs and in their Greek School classes, using both chant traditions and choral styles based on Byzantine melodies. Children offer singing of hymns during the Divine Liturgy, at special services such as the Heretismoi, the Saturday of Lazarus, and the Saturday morning Pre-Anastasi service, and at mini-concerts for the Feast of the Annunciation/Greek independence Day and the Nativity season.
Training in Byzantine Music: Conferences, Symposia, Church Music Institutes
The following are some recent examples of educational opportunities offered in the Archdiocese whose purpose has been to increase the knowledge of Greek Orthodox church musicians, other Orthodox faithful, and non-Orthodox inquirers about Byzantine Chant:
- Training programs specifically for Byzantine Chanters:
- Metropolis of Chicago Psalti Training School (two sites: Chicago metropolitan area and Northwest Indiana). Instructed by Mr. Georgiafentis, Protopsaltis.
- Metropolis of Atlanta Psalti Training Program under the auspices of Metropolitan Alexios.
- Byzantine Music Workshop of the Pittsburgh Metropolis: systematic teaching of Byzantine music, typikology and the tradition of chant through the training of solo and choral performance. Dr. Nick Giannoukakis, Coordinator and Protopsaltis, Metropolis of Pittsburgh.
- Byzantine Music Chanter Training Class, Peter Papadakos, J.D., Protopsaltis, Pittsburgh, PA.
- Byzantine Music instruction classes at the Patriarch Athenagoras Orthodox Institute, Berkeley, California. John Boyer, Protopsaltis.
- The Chanter Training Program of the Church Music Federation of the Metropolis of San Francisco. George Duvall and Rev. Michael Pallad.
- Byzantine Music tracks at the Theological Institute on Religious Education, co-sponsored by Department of Religious Education and National Forum of Church Musicians. Held at Holy Cross School of Theology in Brookline, MA. Bi-annual Conference: August 2003 and June 2005.
- Church Music Institutes sponsored by the National Forum of Greek Orthodox Church Musicians and the Church Music Federations of the Metropolises:
- "Approaches to Use of the Modes in the Divine Liturgy" and "United in Prayer: Seamless Interweaving of Church Singing." Metropolis of Atlanta Church Music Institute. Instructors: Kevin Lawrence and Rev. Stavros Akrotirianakis. Diakonia Retreat Center in Salem, SC 3/26/05.
- "The Chanters' Repertoire: Opportunities for Choir Singers." Metropolises of Pittsburgh and Detroit Church Music Institute. Instructor: Dr. Peter Papadakos. Pittsburgh, PA, 7/14/05.
- "Byzantine Chant" workshop in the Metropolis of Chicago Church Music Institute. Instructor: Dr. Jessica Suchy-Pilalis. St. Louis, MO, 11/3-5/05.
- Annual Workshops for Psalti, Metropolis of Boston, October 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005. Various instructors.
- Byzantine Chant 101, Metropolises of Pittsburgh and Detroit Church Music Institute. Instructors: Stanley and Nancy Takis, Toledo, OH, 7/15/04.
- Psaltiki Workshop, Metropolis of Denver, Instructor: Rev. Nicholas Kastanas, 7/1/04.
- Chanting the Orthros Service in English, Metropolis of Atlanta, Instructor: Dr. Jessica Suchy-Pilalis, 7/2003.
- Learning More about the Hymns and Services of the Greek Orthodox Church: The Apolitikia, Hymns of Orthros, and the Doxology. Metropolises of Pittsburgh and Detroit. Instructor: Rev. Nicholas Kastanas and Nancy Takis. 7/2003.
- "Orthros, the Neglected Service," A Byzantine chant Church Music Institute of the Metropolis of New Jersey. Instructors: Rev. Nicholas Kastanas, Dr. Jessica Suchy-Pilalis, and Dr. John Bletsos. October 2001.
- Annual Byzantine Chant Workshops. Metropolis of Boston. Instructor: Rev. Nicholas Kastanas. Since 2002.
- "Beyond Sunday Morning: Choral Singing at Vespers" and "An Overview of Orthodox Musical Traditions." Church music workshop presented by Kevin Lawrence. Sponsored by the Holy Spirit Greek Orthodox Church, Rochester, NY, 10/23/04.
- "Byzantine Music for the Divine Liturgy." Presented by Dr. Alexander Lingas at the St. Vladimir's Orthodox Seminary Symposium. Held at Crestwood, NY, 6/25/04.
- In addition, a host of Church Music Institute and workshops are presented each year to provide instruction in church music to singers of mixed choirs. These are held in the various Metropolises.
The following are examples of some of the individuals who teach courses related to Byzantine music at academic institutions in America:
- Mr. Photios Ketsetzis, Professor, Byzantine Chant at Holy Cross School of Theology.
- The Rev. Nicholas Kastanas, Adjunct Professor, Byzantine Chant at Holy Cross School of Theology.
- Mr. Richard Vanderhoef, Adjunct Instructor, Byzantine Chant at Holy Cross School of Theology.
- Mr. Dean Limberakis, Adjunct Instructor, Byzantine Chant through western notation and voice classes at Holy Cross School of Theology.
- Dr. Alexander Lingas, Professor, Music History at Arizona State University, School of Music.
- Dr. Diane Touliatos, Professor, Historical Musicology of Medieval Byzantine Chant at University of Missouri at St. Louis University, Department of Music.
- Nektarios Antoniou, Fellow, Department of Sacred Music, Yale University.
Published Works: Compositions and Transcriptions of Byzantine Chant
The following are some recent examples of works of Byzantine Chant that have been transcribed by Greek Orthodox church musicians in America for chanters and choirs:
- George Athanasopoulos, Byzantine Musical Anthology (six volumes 2,802 pages). Includes, in Greek and English (with English phonetics), the various ecclesiastical celebrations, in their traditional and most strict classical Byzantine melodies. Also, Hymn of Kassiani.
- Theodore Bogdanos, The Byzantine Liturgy: Hymnology and Order. Over 500 pages in length, the volume contains transcriptions of all the special (substituted) hymns used in the Divine Liturgy on any Sunday and major feast days of the year: dismissal hymns, small entrance hymns, kontakia, megalynaria, and communion hymns.
- Hieromonk Seraphim Dedes, Music In Byzantine Notation in English: Dormition of the Theotokos, Hymns for Vespers and Matins. The Canon of Great and Holy Saturday. Sunday Matins Music in the Eight Modes (320 pages). Anastasimatarion - Sat. evening Vespers in the Eight Modes. Original Melodies - Automela. Holy Week Music - Bridegroom Services, Holy Thursday Evening, and more. Katavasias for the whole year. Music In Western Notation (English): Sunday Matins Music in the Eight Modes (on line). Dormition of the Theotokos. Small Supplicatory Canon (Small Paraklesis). Original Melodies - Automela. The Akathist Hymn to the Theotokos. Great Vespers of the Annunciation. The Canon of Great and Holy Saturday. Katavasias for the whole year.
- Ongoing publications of Narthex Press, Northridge,
California. Available are service books (Greek and English text),
with recordings (cassettes and CDs) of the hymns in English, and accompanying
music books in European notation: Office of Supplication (Paraklesis)
(service book with cassette recording and music), Funeral Service
of the Greek Orthodox Church (service book, cassette recording and
music), Holy Office of Orthros: First Tone (CD and music book), Holy
Office of Orthros: Second Tone (CD and music book), and Holy Office
of Orthros: Eighth Tone (CD and music book).
- Harilaos Papapostolou, Patriarchal Byzantine Liturgy. A complete liturgy that contains the Doxology, Apolytikia, Hierarchical responses, Christmas, Palm Sunday, Easter and other additional hymns. Original material based on Byzantine modes.
- St. Anthony's Greek Orthodox Monastery, The Divine Liturgies as Chanted on the Holy Mountain: Byzantine Music in Western Notation in English and Greek. A transcription of more than 1,000 pages of Byzantine music into Western notation according to the style of chanting used on the Holy Mountain. The scope of this project covers the liturgies of St. John Chrysostom, St. Basil the Great, St. James and the Liturgy of Presanctified Gifts, as well as various doxologies. The words of the hymns are provided in Modern English, Elizabethan English, and Greek. Available from the web and in CD format.
- George Stefanidakis, Hymns of the Greek Orthodox Sunday Divine Liturgy Volume 1 - Greek. Includes more than 260 hymns, covering the entire ecclesiastical year, including Apolitikia, Kontakia, Megalinaria, and Koinonika in Greek only with English phonetics. The hymns are traditional Byzantine chants presented in western notation as single melodic lines suitable for use by large or small choirs or psalti. Each hymn is referenced as to its source of the original Byzantine notation. The book comes with a compact disk (CD) which contains the entire hymnbook in Portable Document Format (PDF) that allows the user to print individual hymns and to listen to them played on their computer sound system.
- Nancy Takis, The Divine Liturgy of Our Father Among the Saints, John Chrysostom. In Greek and English and in 3-Part Harmony and Byzantine Chant. Also: Doxology In The First Mode in Greek and English; Kyrie Ekekraxa in all eight modes and in Greek and English; Se Imnoumen in Greek and English; The Holy Friday Lamentations (English); The Liturgical Hymns of Christmas in Greek and English; The Sunday Resurrection Apolytikia in Greek and English.
- John Velon, A library of more than 7,000 transcribed pages: Anastasimatarion
(Sunday) Orthros and Vespers in all eight modes in the Greek language
(750 pages in length); (325 pages in length); The Hymns of Holy Week
(578 pages in length); The Hymns of the Pentikostarion ( 921 pages
in length) plus a wealth of other transcriptions.
- In addition, there is a wealth of composition
available for choral music that is based on Byzantine chant, developed
and being developed by composers of the Church.
- Our current bibliography lists as 59 complete Divine Liturgies plus a host of individual folios containing music for feats days, special services, and specific hymns.
- Major composers of Greek Orthodox choral music based on Byzantine melodies include: George Anastasiou, Dr. Theodore Bogdanos, Steven Cardiasmenos, Dr. Frank Desby, Presvytera Anna Gallos, Arthur Kanaracus, Kevin Lawrence, Dr. Nicolas Maragos, Demetrios Pappas, Dr. Michael Petrovich, George Raptis, Nicholas Roubanis, Ernest Villas, Christos Vrionides, Chris Zervos, and Dr. Tikey Zes.
The following are some recent examples of recent print publications about
Byzantine Chant developed by Greek Orthodox church musicians in America:
- A Guide to the Transcription of Post-Byzantine Chant by Dr. Frank Desby; edited by Dr. Nicolas Maragos, Dr. Alexander Lingas, and Dr. Jessica Suchy-Pilalis. Presents standards for the transcription of Byzantine Chant into western notation. Published by the National Forum of Greek Orthodox Church Musicians.
- The Notation Transcription and Rendition of Post-Byzantine Chant: A Training Manual for the Eastern Orthodox Precentor (Psalti). Volume I - Post-Byzantine Notation and Tonality and Volume II - Modal Characteristics and Rendition. By Dr. Frank Desby, Edited by Dr. George Stefanidakis. Published by the National Forum of Greek orthodox Church Musicians (in press).
- Sacred Songs: Studies in Byzantine Hymnography by Eva Catafygiotu Topping. This book brings together seventeen important studies that examine in detail the richness of Byzantine Hymns. The author describes Byzantine Hymnographers, including significant women hymnographers. Her chapters analyze Orthodox hymns for major feast days, Lent and Holy Week, and specific saints.
Web-Based and Other Electronic Resources
The following are some recent examples of web-based and electronic instructional materials related to Byzantine Chant developed by Greek Orthodox church musicians in America:
- Learn Byzantine Chant: a web-enabled multimedia instructional site that includes fully interactive presentations of the hymns for over twenty of the most important Orthodox feasts.
- Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America -
GOARCH website's Online Chapel. Includes "Learn
to Chant: Sunday Orthros, Divine Liturgy, Service of the Small
Paraklesis, Akathist Hymn and Byzantine Chant." Also Multimedia
section includes audio files in Greek and English of chant selections
for the major feasts of the Church; Orthros hymns; Divine Liturgy;
Vespers; Great Lent, Holy Week and Pascha; and Other services of the
Church. Hymns chanted by various Byzantine music choirs.
Psaltiri." E-Matins website that provides liturgical texts,
PDF downloads, music, and recordings for weekly Sunday Orthros. In
Greek and English, or in English alone. From St Gregory Palamas Monastery
(Fr Seraphim Dedes).
- "EZ Psaltica" Byzantine music fonts. Contains macros, templates, drop caps, headers, examples, and rules of orthography. Prepared by St. Anthony's Greek Orthodox Monastery: http://www.stanthonysmonastery.org/music/ByzMusicFonts.html
- "ByzanWrite" Byzantine music fonts. Contains all the neumes and special symbols for transcription of Neo-Byzantine (Post-Byzantine) chant. Developed by Dr. Nicholas Maragos.
- Email chat groups and distribution lists:
- Church Music email listserv hosted by the National Forum of
Greek Orthodox Church Musicians.
- Byzantine Music Chat group, privately hosted via Yahoo groups: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/byzantinechant
Recordings and CD's
The following are some recent examples of recordings that have been produced by Greek Orthodox church musicians in America that have featured Byzantine Chant:
- Ted Alevizos CDs in Greek: "A Greek Byzantine Christmas" and "A Greek Byzantine Easter."
- Eikona CDs and tapes in English: "The Akathist Hymn," "Great Vespers," "O Gladsome Light," "Pascha - Come Receive the Light," and "Paraklesis - The Mother of Light."
- Boston Byzantine Choir CDs and tapes in English: "First Fruits," "Mystical Supper" and "Thy Passion" (Holy Week).
- Yiorgos Bilalis/Romeika Ensemble CD in English: "Thy Cross We Adore."
- Hieromonk Seraphim Dedes CDs: "Akathist Hymn to the Theotokos." "Basic Vespers in the Eight Modes." "Great Doxology in the 8 Modes." "Sunday Matins Music for Modes 1 & 2" (English), "Sunday Matins Music for Modes 3 & 4" (English), "Sunday Matins Music for Modes Grave & PL4" (English), "Sunday Matins Music for Modes PL 1 & PL 2" (English), "Sunday Matins Music Vol. 9, Eothina" (English). "Holy Week Music - Bridegroom Services of Holy Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday and Holy Thursday Evening," 3 CD set, English. "Anastasimatarion - Saturday Evening Vespers in the Eight Modes," 3 CD set, English.
- Presvytera Katerina Sitaras Makiej CD in English: "Ancient Hymns for Modern Times."
- Cappella Romana CDs: "The Akathistos Hymn" by Ivan Moody, "Epiphany: Medieval Byzantine Chant," "Music of Byzantium," and "When Augustus Reigned: Christmas Music from the Byzantine Tradition."
VHS tapes: Holy Cross Live Series. "Music for Our Souls:
Orthodox Hymnology - Part 1" and "Music for Our
Souls: Orthodox Hymnology - Part 2."
- "Hymns of the Transfiguration of Our Lord" (2 CD set), featuring the original Greek performed by Georgios Hatzichronoglou, Archon Hymnodist of the Great Church of Christ and in English/Greek by the Byzantine Choir of the Pittsburgh Metropolis (in mastering stage).
- "Byzantine Gems," a CD of the 50th Anniversary Concert at St. Sophia Cathedra; of Los Angeles, CA. Presents Byzantine Chant both in its original form sung by the men of the 50th Anniversary Chorale and a wide selection of Byzantine Chant from the Liturgical Year harmonized for four-part chorus by Dr. Frank Desby.
- Narthex Press: "Sunday Orthros in English." CD 1: Mode I. CD 2: Mode 2. Text in English of the Sunday Orthros of Fr. Spencer Kezios (Narthex Press) set to music by Rev. Michael Pallad. Further modes are forthcoming.
- "Lamentations And Praises" by John Tavenor and sung by Chanticleer. Warner Classics International C2001. Teldec Classics.
- "Rejoice O Queen: Hymns To The Theotokos"
by the Saint Romanos Chorale, Houston, TX. Dr. William Attra, Choirmaster.
- Recordings by the Byzantine Choir of the Metropolis of Pittsburgh: "Hymnology of Pentecost" (2000), "Byzantine Soundscapes" (2003), "Hymnology of the Transfiguration" with George Hatzichronoglou (2005 in production), and "Hymnology of the Feast of St. George" (2005 in production).
- Additionally, various parishes and church music publishers have made recordings and CDs of choral music selections that are based on Byzantine chant.
The following are some recent examples of concerts that have been recently performed in parishes and other venues in the Archdiocese that have featured Byzantine Chant:
- Lecture-Concert: "Byzantine Music and Gregorian Chant: East Meets West." Featured are the Byzantine Choir of the Greek Orthodox Metropolis of Pittsburgh and Mr. George Hatzichronoglou, Archon Hymnodist. Sponsored by the Byzantine Music Workshop of the Pittsburgh Metropolis, Location: Bellefield Auditorium, Pittsburgh, PA, 7/1/05.
- Classical and Byzantine Music Concert, featuring Hellenic American Conservatory of Music and the Hellenic Opera House. At Carnegie Hall , 5/28/05.
- A Classical and Byzantine Music Concert by the Hellenic American Conservatory of Music and the St. George Greek Orthodox Church. Piscataway, NJ, 5/28/05.
- "Musical Mysticisms of Byzantium"
presented in conjunction with the Metropolitan Museum of Art's
exhibition of "Byzantine Faith and Power. Directed by Dr. Dino
Anagnost. Held in New York City, 5/7/05.
- Annual Spring Concert: Seeking the Resurrection - Ancient and Modern Chants, Hymns, Motets and Orthodox Music of the Lenten Season. American premier of Ivan Moody's John in the Desert. Held at Annunciation Greek Orthodox Church, New York City, 4/17/05.
- A Lenten Concert of Byzantine Music: chanted by the Greek Orthodox Byzantine Choir of the Greater Delaware Valley. Directed by Paul Combitsis, Protopsaltis and Choirmaster at St. George Cathedral in Philadelphia. Held at St. Spyridon Church, New York City, 4/9/05.
- Concert: "Byzantine Hymns from the Dodekaimeron and Folk Carols of Greece." Directed by Dr. Michael Lagoudakis. Held at the Metropolis Chapel of the Archangel Michael, Atlanta, GA, 1/2/05.
- Christmas Byzantine Concert by Demetrios Fousteris, St. George Greek Orthodox Church, Piscataway NJ, 12/4/04.
- Mystical Music of Constantinople - Byzantine Chant & Turkish Sufi Music by the Romeiko Ensemble, under the direction of Giorgios Bilalis. Times Square, NY, 12/11/04.
- Music of Byzantium, The Fall of Constantinople, Cappella Romana, Harold Williams Auditorium, Getty Estate, Los Angeles, CA, 11/20/04.
- A series of concerts: "A Historical Journey Through the Sounds of Byzantine and Traditional Music." Petros Gaitanos with the Pancretan Choir of Byzantine Music and Nikos Psilakis, Journalist, Author and Researcher. Held at Notre-Dame de Namur University Theatre , Belmont CA on 11/21/04, in Brunswick NJ, 11/26/04, and at the St. Bartholomew Cathedral, in New York City on 11/27/04.
- Cappella Romana concerts: "Music for the Fall of Constantinople" at the Bloomington Early Music Festival, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN and in Indianapolis, IN 5/04.
- Commemoration of the Fall of Constantinople: A Memorial in Byzantine Hymns and Folk Songs - Laments of the Fall of Constantinople. Directed by Dr. Michael Lagoudakis, Annunciation Cathedral, Atlanta, GA, 5/04
- Concert: "Great Vespers and Byzantine Holy Week Music." Boston Byzantine Choir. Held at the St. Michael's Romanian Orthodox Church in Southbridge, MA, 4/8/04.
- Byzantine Concert by the Masters of the Psaltic Art. Directed by Gregorios Stathis. Held at the Cathedral Church of St. John the Divine, 4/04.
- Cappella Romana concerts: "Music for the Fall of Constantinople" at The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Yale University (3/31/04) and Princeton University (4/17/04). Directed by Dr. Alexander Lingas.
- Lecture-Concert: "Medieval Byzantine Sacred and Secular Music" presented by Professor Diana Touliatos and performance by the Byzantine Choir of the Greek Orthodox Metropolis under the direction of Dr. Nick Giannoukakis. Touhill Performing Arts Center. University of Missouri at St. Louis , 1/24/04.
- "The Ecclesiastic Music of Byzantium" performance by the Byzantine Choir of the Greek Orthodox Metropolis at the University of Pittsburgh, 11/03.
- 50th Anniversary Concert: "Byzantine Gems" by the 50th Anniversary Chorale, St Sophia Cathedral of Los Angeles. Byzantine hymnology chanted by the men of the 50th Anniversary Chorale as well as hymns arranged chorally by Dr. Frank Desby. 2002.
- St. Louis Byzantine Music concert with Licourgos Angelopoulos and his choir. Held at the Cathedral Basilica.
- Concerts of Byzantine Music by the Pan-Orthodox Chorale. Directed by Dean Limberakis. Held annually for ten years at the Maliotis Cultural Center, Boston, MA.
- The Hellenic College and Holy Cross School of Theology Chorale has performed Byzantine chant at various occasions during the academic year including commencement ceremonies for Hellenic College and Holy Cross School of Theology, Boston, MA, under the direction of Dean Limberakis.
- The St. Romanos Byzantine Choir of Holy Cross School of Theology presents various programs during the year in Boston and as invited chanters elsewhere. Conducted by Mr. Fotios Ketsetzis.
- There have also been various choral concerts featuring parish and Metropolis mixed choirs performing liturgical music based on Byzantine chant in a choral style, including Nativity concerts, Lenten concerts, and special occasion concerts
The following are examples of other activities related to the development and perpetuation of Byzantine Chant in the Archdiocese of America:
- The National Forum of Greek Orthodox Church Musicians, established in 1976 as the musical arm of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America that strengthens and perpetuates its liturgical music. Also included are eight regional Church Music Federations who work to support the development of liturgical music in their respective Metropolises.
- The American Society of Byzantine Music and Hymnology: An international organization devoted to the scholarly, scientific, and academic study of the development of early Christian music, literature, and hymnology and its evolution throughout the Byzantine and post-Byzantine periods. Contains links to other helpful sites.
- Axion Estin: A Radio Program about Byzantine Chant. Hosted by Angelo Lampousis, Hellenic Public Radio Cosmos FM - WNTE 91.5 FM. New York area audience and worldwide via the internet. Programs offer a blend of informative historical commentaries from experienced Byzantine musicologists in the US and around the world on the medieval traditions of the Greek musical heritage, along with examples of Byzantine music performed by various groups or individuals. Every Saturday from 12:30 - 1:00 pm.
- National Public Radio (NPR) program "Harmonia" featured interviews with Dr. Alexander Lingas and excerpts of Cappella Romana's recent recording of Ivan Moody's Akathistos Hymn.
Prepared by Dr. Vicki Pappas, National Chairman
National Forum of Greek Orthodox Church Musicians
For His Eminence, Archbishop Demetrios
May 30, 2005